|| Bruce P. Hayes
Professor and Chair
Dept. of Linguistics
Office hours for Spring 2014: by appt. I'm normally in chair office in the morning.
My office as professor is 2101G Campbell
My office as chair
is 3125B Campbell
Slides for my talk at Chicago Linguistic Society,
April 10, 2014; "Comparative Phonotactics" pdf, doc
Linguistics 20, "Introduction to Linguistics".
Linguistics 103, "Introduction to General Phonetics"
Linguistics 120A, "Phonology I" (undergraduate).
Linguistics 191 "Metrics" (undergraduate)
Linguistics 201, "Phonological Theory II" (graduate).
Linguistics 205, "Morphology" (graduate, last taught
Linguistics 251, "Phonotactics", (2006, with
Linguistics 251, "Metrics" (2008)
Linguistics 251, "Vowel Harmony" (2010)
Linguistics 251, "The Phonology of English" (2011)
Linguistics 251, "Variation in Phonology" (2013, with
Summary of current work
In our current research, my collaborators and I approach
a single phenomenon with three methods in parallel: (i) data analysis in the classical tradition of generative
grammar, using rules and constraints; (ii)
experimentation, to assess productivity and generality
of phonological knowledge, (iii) modeling:
machine-implemented algorithms, incorporating elements of phonological theory,
learn the grammar through examination of a data corpus. The idea is to study not
just the data pattern of the language, but to determine more precisely what the
native speaker knows and demonstrate through modeling how she might come to know
it. These goals have always been central to generative linguistics; advances in
both theory and technology now help us address them more directly.
(2013) Bruce Hayes and James White,
Phonological naturalness and phonotactic learning.
Linguistic Inquiry 44:45-75. Supplementary
Interpreting sonority-projection experiments: the role of
phonotactic modeling. In
Proceedings of the 2011
International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Hong Kong.
(2011) Adam Albright and Bruce Hayes.
Learning and learnability in phonology. In John
Goldsmith, Jason Riggle, and Alan Yu, eds. Handbook of
Phonological Theory. Blackwell/Wiley.
(2011) Robert Daland, Bruce Hayes, James White, Marc
Garellek, Andreas Davis, and Ingrid Normann.
Explaining sonority projection effects. Phonology 28:197–234.
(2009, with Kie Zuraw, Péter Siptár, and Zsuzsa
Londe. Natural and
unnatural constraints in Hungarian vowel harmony. Language 85: 822-863.
with Colin Wilson)
maximum entropy model of phonotactics and phonotactic learning. Linguistic Inquiry
(2006, with Zsuzsa Londe) "Stochastic phonological
knowledge: the case of Hungarian vowel harmony". Phonology 23:59-104.
Work on learnability of morphology/phonology in
Adam Albright and others: overview.
(2006, with Adam
Albright) "Modeling productivity with the Gradual Learning
Algorithm: the problem of accidentally exceptionless generalizations".
Published in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives,
edited by Gisbert Fanselow, Caroline Fery, Matthias Schlesewsky and Ralf
Vogel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(2003, with Adam
Albright) "Rules vs. analogy in English past tenses: a
computational/experimental Study," Preprint version. Published in Cognition
(2002, with Adam
Modeling English past tense intuitions with minimal
generalization." Preprint version. Appeared
in Mike Maxwell, ed., Proceedings of the 2002
Workshop on Morphological Learning, Association of Computational
Linguistics. Philadelphia: Association for Computational
"Segmental environments of Spanish
diphthongization," with Adam Albright and Argelia Andrade.
"Empirical tests of the Gradual Learning Algorithm",
Boersma. (2001) Linguistic Inquiry 32:45-86.
"Phonological acquisition in Optimality Theory: the
early stages". Appeared 2004 in Kager,
Rene, Pater, Joe, and Zonneveld, Wim, (eds.), Fixing
Priorities: Constraints in Phonological Acquisition. Cambridge University
The role of phonetics in phonology
(2009, with Kie Zuraw, Péter Siptár, and Zsuzsa
Londe. Natural and unnatural constraints in Hungarian
vowel harmony. Language
Phonetically-Based Phonology, edited with
Robert Kirchner and Donca Steriade, Cambridge University Press,
"Phonetically-Driven Phonology: The Role of
Optimality Theory and Inductive Grounding" (1999) in Michael Darnell, Edith Moravscik, Michael
Noonan, Frederick Newmeyer, and Kathleen Wheatly, eds.,
Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistics,
Volume I: General Papers, John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp.
Phonetics of Post-Nasal Voicing" (ms. 1995; with Tanya Stivers)
The Phonetics-Phonology Interface: Comments on
Clements & Osu, Solé, Frota, and Chitoran et al.. About
consonant clusters in Georgian. Preprint version; final version appeared 2002 in
Carlos Gussenhoven and Natasha Warner, eds.,
Laboratory Phonology 7, Mouton de Gruyter,
Berlin and New York, pp. 449-454.
Paradigms and underlying representations
in Yidiny and its Theoretical
Consequences, Preprint version.
Published 1999 in Ben Hermans and Marc Oostendorp, eds., The Derivational Residue in Phonological Optimality
Theory, John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp. 175-205.
Talk handout: “On the Richness of
Paradigms, and the Insufficiency of Underlying Representations in Accounting
What To Teach the Undergraduates: Some Changing Orthodoxies in
Phonological Theory." Preprint version.
Published 1995 in Ik-Hwan Lee, ed., Linguistics
in the Morning Calm 3, Hanshin, Seoul, pp. 59-77.
of metrics papers
- (2012, with Colin Wilson and Anne Shisko,)Maxent grammars for the
metrics of Shakespeare and Milton. Language,
(2011, with Claire Moore-Cantwell) Gerard Manley Hopkins's sprung
rhythm: corpus study and stochastic grammar. Phonology 28:235–282..
Review of Fabb and Halle (2010) Meter in Poetry. Lingua 120:2515-2521
"Textsetting as constraint conflict" (2009), in
Aroui, Jean-Louis and Andy Arleo, eds. Towards a
Typology of Poetic Forms. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 43-61.
"Faithfulness and componentiality in metrics" (2009),
in Sharon Inkelas and Kristin Hanson, eds., The Nature
of the WordI, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 113-148 (festschrift volume
for Paul Kiparsky).
"Are there lines in English folk poetry" (with
Margaret MacEachern), UCLA
Working Papers in Phonology 1, 125-142
"Quatrain form in English folk verse"
(with Margaret MacEachern), Language 64, 473-507 (1998)
role of phonological phrasing in sung and chanted verse" (with Abigail
Kaun), The Linguistic
Review 13, 243-303 (1996).
Prosodic Hierarchy in meter" (1989) [scanned; 3 Mb] in Paul Kiparsky and
Gilbert Youmans, eds., Rhythm and Meter, Academic
Press, Orlando, FL, pp. 201-260 (1989). Searchable version, 20 Mb.
"Metrics and phonological theory" (1988) in Frederick Newmeyer, ed.,
Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 220-249.
"A grid-based theory of English meter," (1983) Linguistic Inquiry 14, 357-393.
searchable (20 meg)
The rhythmic structure of Persian verse [scanned, 2
Metrical Stress Theory:
Principles and Case Studies (1995), University of Chicago
"Diphthongization and coindexing," (1990) Phonology 7: 31-71.
"Precompiled phrasal phonology," (1990)
[scanned, 772k] in Sharon Inkelas and
Draga Zec, eds., The Syntax-Phonology
Connection, Center for the Study of Language and Information,
Stanford, CA, and University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp.
"Reduplication and syllabification in Ilokano"
(1989) [scanned; 2.6 Mb] (with May Abad)
Lingua 77, 331-374.
"The Prosodic Hierarchy in meter" (1989)
[scanned; 1.8 Mb] in Paul Kiparsky and Gilbert Youmans,
eds., Rhythm and Meter, Academic Press,
Orlando, FL, pp. 201-260 (1989).
"Compensatory lengthening in moraic phonology"
(1989) [scanned, 2 Mb], Linguistic Inquiry 20: 253-306 (1989). This version, 5 Mb, has searchable
"The phonology of rhythm in English" (1984)
[scanned, 8 Mb]. Linguistic Inquiry 15, 33-74.
"Bengali intonational phonology" (1991) [scanned, 1.3
Aditi Lahiri) Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 9: 47-96.
"Durationally specified intonation in English and
Bengali" (1991) [scanned, 2 Mb] (with
Aditi Lahiri) in Johan Sundberg, Lennart Nord, and Rolf Carlson, eds.,
Music, Language, Speech, and Brain, Macmillan, London, pp. 78-91.